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Renal Vascular Disease

Renal vascular disease is a blockage or complication in the blood flow in the kidneys. It can lead to kidney damage and other complications.

What is renal vascular disease? 


Renal Vascular Disease is a complication of the circulation of the kidneys, and can cause damage to the kidneys, high blood pressure and even kidney failure.

Renal artery stenosis is generally caused by a narrowing of the main arteries of the kidney from fats and cholesterol, causing plaque build up and hardening of the arteries. Over time, this narrowing leads to decreased blood flow to the kidneys and results in damage.

Risk Factors of Renal Vascular Disease 


  • over 50 years old
  • high cholesterol
  • diabetes
  • hypertension
  • tobacco use
  • and family history of heart disease.


Symptoms of Renal Vascular Disease 


  • Severe high blood pressure
  • Headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blurry vision
  • Nausea/vomiting

What to Expect From Treatment 


Your Nephrologist can work with you to discuss diagnosing this condition with Kidney Ultrasounds or CT scan.

Treatment for renal artery stenosis includes medications and, in some cases, an interventional procedure to open the narrowed artery and improve blood flow to the kidney.


Renal Artery Stenosis Facts

Go to Mayo Clinic

Renal Artery Stenosis FAQs

Go to NIH.gov

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